Surgical excision is recommended for complete evaluation of cellular fibroepithelial lesions identified from core needle biopsy. The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with phyllodes tumor among cellular fibroepithelial lesions from core biopsies and develop a scoring system to predict the risk of phyllodes tumor.
We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of 169 breast lesions that were diagnosed as cellular fibroepithelial lesions from core needle biopsy at the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital between March 2005 and January 2013. The clinical, histopathologic, and radiologic characteristics were compared between phyllodes tumors and fibroadenomas during the final diagnosis after surgical excision.
Of the 169 lesions, 17 were observed and 152 were surgically removed. After excision, final pathology revealed 60 (39.5%) fibroadenomas and 92 (60.5%) phyllodes tumors. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age (≥40 years), stromal overgrowth, and stromal cellularity were independent factors associated with phyllodes tumors. A scoring system was developed based on a multivariate logistic regression model, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.828 (95% confidence interval = 0.763-0.893).